Roberto Marttini comemora sete anos de seus estudos e mistérios da civilização Maia no México

Os Mayas foram uma civilização pré-colombiana, que habitavam as regiões que hoje fazem parte do México, Guatemala, Honduras e Belize. Meu início nos estudos desse povo se deu início no ano de 2012, justamente na explosão do calendário Maya , que segundo místicos seria a data do fim do mundo. A partir desse ano, me dediquei às pesquisas do calendário Maya e nas inscrições do Popool Vuj, considerada a bíblia dos Mayas.

Somente em 2013 iniciei minhas expedições pela Guatemala e México, onde pude mergulhar nesse universo de deuses, crenças e mitos desse povo tão antigo, mas que ainda permanece vivo e deixa rastros culturais nos seus descendentes, apesar de misteriosamente ter deixado os templos e complexos, hoje ruínas, essas pessoas ainda vivem em vilarejos próximos, mantendo suas tradições. Minha última imersão no México, aconteceu em outubro de 2019 onde estive fazendo o mapeamento das inscrições dos deuses até a cidade de Palenke.

Mayas, ascensão e queda do império 

A civilização maia viveu seu auge durante o período entre 250 d.C. e 900 d.C. Após esse período, os historiadores apontam que foi iniciada a decadência que levou ao desaparecimento deles. Esse período de declínio é conhecido como Período Pós-Clássico. Os motivos dessa decadência são estudados ainda pelos historiadores, que apontam atualmente como principais causas: a falta de alimentos resultante da superpopulação e do esgotamento da terra, desastres naturais, doenças, além das guerras.

Durante o enfraquecimento da civilização maia, alguns locais perderam, de maneira drástica, um grande número de habitantes. Essas pessoas mudaram-se para outros locais da Mesoamérica em busca de melhores condições para viver. Com isso, grande parte das cidades maias foram abandonadas e, quando os europeus chegaram à Mesoamérica, encontraram essas cidades total ou parcialmente vazias.

Magias e rituais 

Participei de diversos rituais Maya, desde o temazcal até a purificação com a erva mezcalito, também conhecida como a ERVA DO DIABO. As tradições maia, principalmente na Riviera Maya e Guatemala mantém traços de seus ritos ancestrais, que se fundiram ao longo do tempo com o catolicismo. Muitos Mayas introduziram datas do calendário religioso europeu nos seus costumes. O maior exemplo é a festa da morte, onde estudiosos acreditam, ser o culto ao casal de deuses Maya do submundo. 

Meus estudos junto a essa comunidade não caberiam numa matéria, portanto posteriormente, aqui na Revista do Villa, estarei dando detalhes dos RITUAIS indígenas locais e das minhas trilhas místicas mesoamericana para aqueles que desejarem penetrar nesse universo de deuses, ruínas e natureza, tendo como cenário a costa do Caribe mexicano e Guatemalteco.

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