Flávio Santos e a presença de Portugal durante a Expo Rio de 1922

Pavilhão. Revista A Exposição de 1922. Rio, n.os 9, 10, 11 e 12

Situado na Avenida das Nações, dentro do complexo montado em um aterro na Baía de Guanabara, o “Pavilhão de Honra Portuguez” ocupava lugar de destaque na Exposição Internacional do Centenário da Independência do Brasil, de 1922, na Cidade do Rio de Janeiro.

Portugal ergueu dois prédios. O edifício da foto foi projetado por Camber Ramos e o irrequieto Cotinelli Telmo, e executado pelos arquitetos Costa Motta e Costa Motta Sobrinho. Com dois pavimentos, fachada pintada de branco e marfim, tinha a sacada frontal sustentada por dois atlantes. Completando o conjunto, dois escudos das Quinas, em relevo, com versos de Os Lusíadas e quatro lanternas em bronze que iluminavam o passeio. Coroando o Pavilhão, uma grande esfera armilar no alto da cúpula coberta de telhas rosadas.

No primeiro pavimento, o hall tinha paredes cobertas de telas a óleo que conduziam ao átrio circular, onde se destacava o busto do presidente Antônio José de Almeida, obra do escultor José Netto. Subindo a escadaria que conduzia aos salões de arte do segundo pavimento, uma obra do professor Luciano Ferreira, cópia do tríptico de Nuno Alvares, Veneração de São Vicente, recepcionava os visitantes.

Hall de entrada. Crédito: Órgão da Comissão Organizadora, 1923. Acervo da Biblioteca Nacional do Rio de Janeiro.

A então famosa Casa Reis Irmãos, da cidade do Porto, recheou os salões com arte Manuelina e de inspiração islâmica: cinzeladura, tapeçaria, ourivesaria. Artistas variados completavam a exposição com trabalhos magníficos: a tela Recepção de Vasco da Gama pelo Samorim de Calicut, de Ernesto Condeixa, Retrato de Bulhão Pato, obra de Columbano, A Feira, do professor da Escola de Belas Artes do Porto José Augusto Ribeiro. Aquarelas de Alfredo Roque Gameiro, esculturas do mestre Teixeira Lopes, rendas de Peniche e tapeçarias de Viseu.

Com tudo isso, o edifício cumpria apenas uma parte do papel. A nova república ainda construiria um segundo prédio com o intuito de mostrar sua face moderna: o Pavilhão das Indústrias Portuguesas, mas que só estaria pronto em 1923 e seria reconstruído em Lisboa.

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