André Conrado e a Baía de Guanabara e suas encantadoras Ilhas - Parte 3: 'a bela Ilha Fiscal e o mitológico Palacete!'

Foto Ilha Fiscal 1885 - Rj Marc Ferrez- Acervo IMS

Dando sequência a esse imperdível passeio pelas Ilhas da Baía de Guanabara, damos um “até breve” à linda e misteriosa Ilha de Brocoió, com o coração cheio de esperança para que tão logo possamos rever essa inesquecível Ilha restaurada e aberta ao público, e, quem sabe um dia, as águas da linda Baía de Guanabara voltem a ser como foram:  límpidas e próprias para uso. 

Mas o destino de hoje será a mitológica e bela Ilha Fiscal!

História da Ilha e do Palacete Neogótico

Foto Ilha Fiscal 1905 Rio Antigo

Antes da construção do palacete, a Ilha Fiscal era chamada de “Ilha do Ratos”. Existem duas versões para a origem do antigo nome. Enquanto uma versão afirma que o nome veio da grande quantidade de ratos que fugiam das cobras da não à toa chamada Ilha das Cobras, outra versão afirma que o nome foi dado em decorrência de pedras de cor acinzentadas que existiam na ilha, e que se vistas de longe pareciam com ratos.

Tela de Friedrich Hagedorn - Ilha dos Ratos (Fiscal) Baia da Guanabara RJ

Mas na realidade, é que havia necessidade de ter uma sede alfandegária próxima às docas, do que é hoje chamado Praça XV, e foi o que ocasionou a construção do palacete, cuja finalidade era abrigar a chefia deste órgão e fiscalizar os navios de carga que lá aportavam.

O Imperador Dom Pedro II ficou muito entusiasmado com a beleza da Ilha, naquela época com águas límpidas e rodeada de golfinhos, e devido a todas estas particularidades, decidiu construir um edifício com características marcantes e imponentes para ser a sede da Alfândega.

O belo projeto em estilo Neo-Gótico (gótico-provençal) ficou por conta do Engenheiro Adolpho Del Vecchio, que primou por sua construção, ficando o palacete famoso pela admirável qualidade dos trabalhos de seu vitrôs e construção em pedra talhada.

Foto Arquiteto Adolpho del Vechio

O projeto do palacete foi premiado, com Medalha de Ouro, na Exposição da Academia Real de Belas Artes. 

O primoroso Palacete destaca o Brasão da Monarquia, ogivas, rosáceas e demais elementos construtivos e de adorno foram feitos em pedra talhada.

Foto Interior Palacete Ilha Fiscal - O Rio de janeiro atualidade

Em termos de disposição, o palacete conta com duas alas laterais, com pequenas torres nas extremidades e uma torre alta no centro. No segundo andar da torre central fica a sala que era ocupada pelo Chefe da Aduana ou Alfândega, um gabinete com piso ricamente trabalhado com vários tipos de madeiras brasileiras 

Culminando a torre central, fica a pequena torre do relógio de 4 faces, originalmente com iluminação noturna para fornecer a hora local aos navios que aqui aportavam.

A construção terminou em abril de 1889, e a festa de inauguração do Palacete contou com a presença do Imperador Dom Pedro II.

Foto Ilha Fiscal Vitral Imperador D.Pedro II (atual)

Em 1913 a Ilha foi “tomada de assalto”, quando aconteceu a chamada “Revolta da Armada” quando parte da Marinha se rebelou contra o governo do Presidente Floriano Peixoto. Durante 6 meses a Ilha ficou de posse dos revoltosos, e devidos a tiros de artilharia provenientes de combates o Palacete foi bastante danificado.

Foto Ilha Fiscal - 1916 -Jorge Kfouri - Acervo Marinha do Brasil

Em 1930 foi construída uma via de acesso através de uma estreita faixa de aterro, ligando a Ilha Fiscal à Ilha das Cobras.

Ilha fiscal na Atualidade

Foto Ilha Fiscal Atualidade com ponte - ABIH

No ano de 1998 a Marinha do Brasil, decidiu tornar o edifício aberto ao público e preservá-lo como parte da memória Naval e mostrar a contribuição da Marinha Brasileira no desenvolvimento científico, tecnológico e social do Brasil, através de Exposições temáticas permanentes lá disponibilizadas, o que foi maravilhoso para o Turismo brasileiro.

O Palacete foi restaurado alguns anos atrás, e reaberto à visitação pública. Foi planejado e coordenado pela Diretoria de Patrimônio Histórico e Cultural da Marinha, com suporte do Arquivo Naval e supervisionamento do INEPAC (Instituto Estadual do Patrimônio Artístico e Cultural). 

O Baile da Ilha Fiscal

Convite do Baile Imperial da ilha-fiscal Ass. Visconde de Ouro Preto

Em 9 de novembro de 1889, apenas 6 (seis) meses após da sua inauguração,  ocorreu o chamado Baile da Ilha Fiscal, tendo sido a última grande festa da monarquia antes da Proclamação da República Brasileira, no dia 15 do mesmo mês, apenas 6 (seis) dias após o baile; mas isso vale a pena ser contado em detalhes, no próximo capítulo dessa histórica ilha. Não percam!

Fonte: Rio de Janeiro Aqui.

Instituto Moreira Salles 

MultiRio

Marinha do Brasil.

Museu Histórico Nacional 

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57 Comentários

  • ANDRÉ!!!! QUE MARAVILHA DE HISTÓRIA!!! PARABÉNS!!! VAMOS AGUARDAR O BAILE DA ILHA FISCAL!!!!

    • Ahhhhh! Como é delicioso saber da época de ouro do Rio e do Brasil. Adorei, gostinho de quero mais……

  • Que história maravilhosa! Rica em detalhes! Uma viagem pela história! Parabéns!

  • Que linda reportagem nos remete a um passado com muitas histórias interessantes e fofocas reais !!!! Parabéns!!!

  • Have you ever thought about writing an ebook or guest authoring on other blogs?
    I have a blog based upon on the same subjects you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I
    know my visitors would appreciate your work.
    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.

    • Thank you ! My email adreess : alconradosiq@gmail.com
      Please send me a email.
      André Conrado.

  • Adorei!

  • Dedé, escândalo de cultura! Orgulho do Vanvan
    Vou passar por aqui pra ler a tua coluna e aprender gigantemente SEMPRE!!!
    Evoé; querido!

  • A Ilha Fiscal é puro charme! Um passeio imperdível após ler esta matéria!

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