Douglas Delmar apresenta Virgínia Victorino, musa da poesia e do teatro português

Virgínia Victorino - Lisboa, 1921 - Crédito Biblioteca Nacional.

Virgínia Victorino foi uma poetisa e dramaturga portuguesa. Nasceu em 1895, em Alcobaça, distrito de Leiria, Portugal. Embora tenha sido umas das maiores poetisas do seu tempo e tenha sido agraciada pelo Governo Português em 1929 e pelo Governo Espanhol em 1930, seu nome é pouco lembrado nos dias atuais. 

“Fui nova, mas fui triste; só eu sei
como passou por mim a mocidade!
Cantar era o dever da minha idade…
Devia ter cantado, e não cantei!

Fui bela. Fui amada. E desprezei…
Não quiz beber o filtro da ansiedade.
Amar era o destino, a claridade…
Devia ter amado, e não amei!

Ai de mim! Nem saudades, nem desejos;
nem cinzas mortas, nem calor de beijos…
— Eu nada soube, nada quis prender!

E o que me resta? Uma amargura infinda:
ver que é, para morrer, tão cedo ainda,
e que é tão tarde já para viver!”

Poema Renúncia.

Virgínia Victorino - 1920 - Crédito Hemeroteca Digital de Lisboa

Na primeira metade do século XX, Portugal passou por profundas mudanças sociais e culturais. No entanto, este ainda não era um período amigável para as mulheres. No governo de Salazar, onde se exaltava valores religiosos e morais, a população feminina estava sob a mercê da opressão. Porém, Virgínia Victorino era uma mulher com grande sensibilidade artística e soube enfrentar os preconceitos da época.  

Virgínia soube explorar múltiplos talentos. Estudou Filologia Românica na Faculdade de Letras de Lisboa e frequentou o Conservatório Nacional de Música, onde teve aulas de piano, canto, harmonia e italiano. Foi professora de liceu e trabalhou também na Emissora Nacional, onde dirigia radioteatro. Lançou seu primeiro livro de poesias em 1921, intitulado Namorados, obra com a qual obteve muito sucesso. A seguir, veio o segundo, Apaixonadamente, em 1923, Renúncia, em 1926 e por fim Esta Palavra Saudade, em 1929. O artista Almada Negreiros foi o responsável por desenvolver algumas capas dos livros da poetisa.

O tema recorrente em sua literatura era o da mulher sofredora, desiludida, traída e intensamente apaixonada.

 “O amor! O amor! Ninguém o definiu.
É sempre o mesmo. Acaba onde começa.
Quem mais o sente menos o confessa,
e quem melhor o diz nunca o sentiu.”

Trecho do poema Amor.

Anúncio dos livros de Virgínia Victorino - Crédito Biblioteca Nacional

Estreou no Teatro Nacional em 1929, com a peça Peraltas e Sécias, vindo em seguida Degredados, sendo que esta fez muito sucesso. Vieram outras peças, que não obtiveram criticas positivas. Em 1938, escreveu uma carta ao então Presidente Salazar, lamentando as críticas feitas às suas peças teatrais.

Também desempenhou um trabalho importante no teatro radiofônico da Emissora Nacional, onde divulgou autores portugueses e brasileiros, usando o pseudônimo de Maria João do Vale.

Em 1946, Virgínia escreveu uma segunda carta a Salazar, pedindo liberdade para desenvolver seu trabalho artístico à sua maneira. O pedido foi atendido.

Virgínia Victorino esteve no Brasil por volta de 1937, a convite do Presidente Getúlio Vargas. A poetisa morreu em 1967, em Lisboa. Seu nome foi dado a um teatro na cidade de Praia, em Cabo Verde e também a uma rua de Alcobaça, como uma forma de homenageá-la.

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