Castelo de Numão em Portugal: enorme complexo que sofreu com guerras e catástrofes

Castelo de Numão

Numão é uma freguesia do concelho de Vila Nova de Foz Côa. Seu magnífico Castelo de Numão tem uma história trágica. Por várias vezes sofreu forte destruição. Pela guerra dos homens devido à sua posição estratégica ou pela fúria da natureza como no terramoto de 1755. Após o terremoto, como em outras tantas vezes, teve nova reconstrução.

A primeira referência ao Castelo de Numão data de 960. O castelo possui um vasto perímetro muralhado, construído provavelmente na Baixa Idade Média. As muralhas estão em cima de um morro de pedra na Serra da Lapa a quase 700 metros de altitude.

Ao longe, quando nos aproximamos da aldeia, temos de imediato a perceção de como é enorme. Oliveiras e amendoeiras ocupam o terreno. 

A muralha possuía quatro portas e quinze torres, das quais restam seis. No interior da cerca vêem-se restos de construções, a igreja românica de Stª. Maria e uma cisterna. No exterior encontra-se a capela pré-românica de S. Pedro e uma necrópole com 10 sepulturas antropomórficas.

Do castelo de Numão ainda é possível ver outras fortificações: os castelos de Ansiães, Castelo Rodrigo, Castelo Melhor, Ranhados e Penedono.

O castelo de Numão está classificado como Monumento Nacional português. 

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