Douglas Delmar apresenta Carolina Beatriz Ângelo, a primeira mulher a votar em Portugal

Carolina Beatriz Ângelo - Crédito Wikipédia

Em uma época onde os direitos das mulheres eram escassos, Carolina Beatriz Ângelo se mostrou uma pioneira na conquista da independência feminina em Portugal. Nascida em Guarda, em abril de 1878, cresceu em uma família liberal. O pai Viriato Antônio Ângelo apoiava o Partido Progressista e trabalhava como jornalista, fato que permitiu com que a filha pudesse ingressar no Liceu da Guarda, em 1891, onde concluiu os estudos primários e secundários. Em 1902, Carolina Beatriz formou-se em Medicina pelas Escolas Politécnica e Médico-Cirúrgica em Lisboa. No mesmo ano, casou-se com seu primo, um médico e ativista republicano.

Obteve destaque em sua carreira médica por ter apresentado uma dissertação onde dava início à sua prática como a primeira cirurgiã portuguesa. Vale lembrar que isso foi um ato notável, já que ia contra o costume da época, que execrava as mulheres de trabalharem nos blocos operatórios. No entanto, Carolina Beatriz tornou-se também a primeira mulher a operar no Hospital São José. Também trabalhou no Hospital Psiquiátrico de Rilhafoles e dedicou-se à área de Ginecologia, tendo um consultório particular em Lisboa.

Sua defesa pelos direitos das mulheres se deu em 1906. Participou de grupos e associações e, em 1909, ajudou a fundar a Liga Republicana das Mulheres Portuguesas, onde defendia ideais republicanos, o sufrágio feminino, o direito ao divórcio, a educação das crianças e direitos e deveres igualitários para homens e mulheres.

Carolina Beatriz Ângelo - Crédito Blog Em Defesa do Benfica

Um ano depois, seu marido, Januário Barreto, veio a falecer, vitimado pela tuberculose. Viúva, passou a cuidar sozinha da filha pequena. Foi então que, em 1911, foi publicada a primeira lei eleitoral da I República, na qual reconhecia o direito de voto aos cidadãos portugueses com mais de 21 anos, que soubessem ler e escrever e fossem chefes de família. Carolina Beatriz viu a chance de exercer seu direito ao voto, recorrendo a sua condição de chefe de família após a morte do marido.  Dirigiu um requerimento ao presidente da comissão, para que seu nome fosse incluído junto aos que teriam direito a votar.  Inicialmente, seu pedido foi rejeitado. Mas recorreu para o tribunal e obteve aprovação de um juiz, já que a lei não especificava que apenas os cidadãos do sexo masculino possuíam capacidade eleitoral.

E foi no dia 28 de maio de 1911, nas eleições para a Assembleia Constituinte, que a médica Carolina Beatriz Ângelo eternizou seu nome na história, tornando-se a primeira mulher portuguesa a conquistar o direito ao voto, exercendo tal atividade na freguesia de São Jorge de Arroios.

Carolina Beatriz Ângelo morreu no mesmo ano em que votou, vítima de uma síncope cardíaca aos 33 anos.

Em 1913, a República alterou a lei e proibiu o voto às mulheres. Em 1931, só as mulheres com cursos secundários ou universitários poderiam votar. O direito ao voto feminino só se tornou universal em 1974.

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