Flávio Santos apresenta O Grande Editor Francisco de Paula Brito.

Em 1831 surgiu no Rio de Janeiro um jornal de crítica literária chamado Simplício. O novo diário caiu no gosto da ainda acanhada, porém agitada população alfabetizada do Brasil do Período Regencial. Quatro anos depois apareceu na praça do Rio uma nova folha escrita em quadrinhas rimadas – A Mulher do Simplício, que cobria os acontecimentos da corte, suas modas, tornando-se tão popular quanto o “marido”. A novidade foi impressa por um tipógrafo muito querido pela população e tido, posteriormente, como “protegido do Imperador D. Pedro II”. Era Francisco de Paula Brito, o primeiro grande empresário negro da História do Brasil.

 

 Paula Brito nasceu no Rio de Janeiro, no dia 2 de dezembro de 1809, na rua do Piolho (atual rua da Carioca), neto do toreuta (escultor de metal, marfim e madeira) e sargento-mór Martinho Pereira de Brito, comandante do 4.o Regimento de Milicianos, chamados Pardos e filho do carpinteiro Jacintho Antunes Duarte e de Dona Maria Joaquina da Conceição Brito. Em 1815 sua família se mudou para a localidade de Suruí, distrito de Magé, no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Retornou à Corte com o avô no ano de 1824. Trabalhou em uma farmácia, na Tipografia Nacional e no Jornal do Commercio como redator, tradutor e contista.

 Mas foi no Período Regencial (1831-1840) que a carreira e a vida pessoal de Paula Brito decolaram. Casou-se com Dona Rufina da Costa Brito em 1830. Abriu sua tipografia na praça da Constituição, antigo Largo do Rocio, atual praça Tiradentes. O novo negócio funcionou originalmente no número 51, antiga loja de Silvino José de Almeida.

A Tipografia Fluminense de Paula Brito & Companhia se transformou em lugar de reunião dos intelectuais ligados ao movimento romântico e políticos da época. Paula Brito foi o editor de novos talentos e de personalidades da vida cultural. Pelas prensas de sua tipografia passaram vários impressos políticos assinados com pseudônimos. Em 1833 lançou O Homem de Côr, depois chamado O Mulato, abrindo espaço para discussões de questões raciais. Foi editor dos populares A Marmota na Corte (1849), depois a Marmota Fluminense (1852) e finalmente, A Marmota, de 1875.

 

 Nos fundos de sua tipografia, Paula Brito e seus amigos, Machado de Assis, Araújo Porto Alegre, Casimiro de Abreu, José de Alencar, Laurindo Rebelo e outros fundaram a Sociedade Petalógica (1840) — de peta ou mentira – uma associação (sem estatutos) literária, humorística e artística onde os luminares discutiam e praticavam política, literatura, música e teatro.

 

 A praça Tiradentes de meados do XIX era o local preferido de acampamento dos ciganos. Era o lar do Dr. Fernando Sebastião Dias da Motta, erudito do jornal Tribuna Judiciária. A casa do Dr. Dias da Cruz, médico humanitário. Local do bar do Braguinha, onde os homens de letras e do teatro se reuniam. Braga, português bondoso, gordo e atarracado, era amigo do ator João Caetano. O antigo largo abrigava ainda o Clube Fluminense (funcionou no atual Solar do Visconde do Rio Seco), com entrada pela rua do Conde, n.2, propriedade do empresário Augusto Carlos Gonçalves e Souza.

 

 Foi no luxuoso Fluminense (não confundir com o Fluminense Football Club, fundado em 1902) que ocorreu um episódio lamentável. Um dos membros efetivos do clube recém-fundado (novembro de 1853 e baile de instalação no dia 20/12/1853 com a presença da Família Imperial) não aceitou a filiação de Paula Brito sob a alegação de que se tratava de um “homem de cor”. Era o coice do Brasil escravista. Vários assinantes protestaram contra o preconceito e pediram a retirada de seus nomes da lista de membros do clube. Sobre o ocorrido, um jornal da época, O Grito Nacional, acrescentou:

 

 “Nos nossos theatros publicos não se póde assomar aos camarotes homem, mulher, ou família de côr um pouco mais escura, sem que se brade logo da platéa – mendobi torrado. E a policia ne’um caso faz destas affrontas tão insolentes e imprudentemente jogadas aos homens de côr, livres, tão iguaes e talvez melhores cidadãos, que os que os insultão”.

 

 Alguns contemporâneos nossos chamam Paula Brito de mulato, outros, de negro. O jornal Merrimac, satírico de meados de 1860, fez piada, mas não nos esclarece: “Carne Assada. – Em casa de pobre, é lombo; em casa de rico, ros-bife. Homem de Côr. – sendo pobre, é mulato; sendo rico, é pardo”. São discussões bizantinas…

 

 Nas palavras do escritor Machado de Assis: “Paula Brito foi o primeiro editor digno desse nome que houve entre nós.” É verdade que tivemos no Brasil, anteriormente, o português e tipógrafo Isidoro da Fonseca, a Imprensa Régia, Manuel Antônio da Silva, em Salvador, Estado da Bahia, Pierre René François Plancher de la Noé, do Jornal do Commercio. Mas Paula Brito foi além, era responsável por uma produção incansável, em série, robusta, popular e diversificada. Seria ele o responsável por melhoramentos técnicos na arte tipográfica no Brasil. Era uma espécie de impressor oficial da época, detendo concessões junto à órgãos da máquina pública.

 

 Sua aventura empresarial atingiu o auge com a criação da Empresa Tipográfica Dous de Dezembro, na década de 50. A empresa se tornou um dos maiores parques gráficos do Rio de Janeiro. O plano era capitalizar a companhia com dinheiro de 150 acionistas, totalizando 60 contos de réis (60:000$000). A empresa pagava juros de 6% por ação e dava direito a um exemplar dos impressos da tipografia. Como garantia para o negócio, hipotecou seus bens, notadamente o estabelecimento da praça da Constituição. Infelizmente o negócio funcionou apenas até o ano de 1857, quando a firma abriu falência. Paula Brito se endividou, tentou empréstimos para se reerguer, mas sem sucesso.  

 

Paula Brito morreu no dia 15 de dezembro de 1861, pelas 5 horas da tarde, em sua residência da rua de Sant’Ana, n.25, aos 53 anos, deixando sua viúva endividada e lutando para renovar concessões públicas. Uma multidão se juntou ao cortejo fúnebre. O séquito foi acompanhado por mais de 200 carros. 

Seus adversários políticos, do jornal Diário do Rio de Janeiro, escreveram:

Paula Brito era amigo dedicado e adversário respeitoso. Fiel a suas opiniões e a seus sentimentos só é explicavel a sympatia geral de que se fazia credor pelo espirito de tolerancia e cavalheirismo, que distinguia sempre com todos e em todas as occasiões.

A liltteratura Nacional deve-lhe muito. Era o editor predilecto da mocidade e dos talentos nacionaes, que sempre acharam nelle ou um protector ou um amigo dedicado.”

Compartilhe nas redes sociais
Publicação Anterior

Ovadia Saadia comenta fatos da semana de São Paulo, Brasília e dos colunistas Paul Morais e Zuleide Hermann.

Próxima Publicação

Douglas Delmar entrevista a escritora Portuguesa Letícia Brito

58 Comentários

  • Hello, I think your blog could be having browser compatibility issues. Whenever I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in Internet Explorer, it’s got some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, excellent blog!

  • I really like it when individuals come together and share views. Great site, keep it up!

  • slotpg สล็อตออนไลน์ ฝาก-ถอนระบบอัตโนมัติ มาพร้อมกับรูปแบบที่ล้ำสมัยมีระบบที่เสถียรมากที่สุดในเวลานี้ เล่นสล็อตออนไลน์กับเราฝาก-ถอนไม่มีขั้นต่ำ แจกโบนัสฟรีทุกวัน บริการร้อนแรงแห่งปีเหมือนยกตู้สล็อตมาไว้ให้กับนักพนันเล่นที่บ้าน ระเบิดความมันส์กับเราผ่านทุกหน้าจอไม่ว่าจะเป็น Mobile Phone คอมพิวเตอร์ แท็บเล็ต ซึ่งเป็นจุดดึงดูดให้กับนักพนันเป็นอย่างมาก สามารถเข้าวางเดิมพันกับเราได้ตลอด 24 ชั่วโมงตามความต้องการslotpg รับโปรโมชั่นและโบนัสอื่นๆ อีกมากมายกับเราได้แล้ววันนี้ เมื่อคุณมาเป็นครอบครัวเดียวกับเรา

  • Wow, that’s what I was searching for, what a information! existing
    here at this webpage, thanks admin of this site.

  • I really love your site.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you create this site yourself?

    Please reply back as I’m trying to create my own personal website
    and would like to find out where you got this from or what the
    theme is called. Kudos!

    Have a look at my blog … xe88 apk for android

  • Wow, that’s what I was exploring for, what a stuff!
    present here at this webpage, thanks admin of this web site.

    Here is my blog … Keto Lite Keto

  • Hurrah! Finally I got a weblog from where I be capable of truly
    take useful facts regarding my study and knowledge.

  • Nice read, I just passed this onto a friend who was doing a little research on that.
    And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile Thus let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch!

    My web page – Muama Ryoko Portable Wifi Reviews

  • บุหรี่ไฟฟ้า Pod น้ำยาบุหรี่ไฟฟ้า ครบวงจร
    ตัวแทนจำหน่ายสินค้า บุหรี่ไฟฟ้าพร้อมสูบ กล่องปรับวัตต์ พอต น้ำยาบุหรี่ไฟฟ้า น้ำยา salt nic และอุปกรณ์ต่างๆ ที่เกี่ยวข้องครบวงจร
    เรายินดีให้คำปรึกษาเกี่ยวกับการใช้งานและปัญหาการใช้งานต่างๆ สินค้าของเราเป็นสินค้าของแท้จากโรงงานผู้ผลิตโดยตรง
    ท่านจึงมั่นใจได้ว่า สินค้าที่ได้รับไปมีคุณภาพแน่นอนrelx

  • For hottest news you have to visit world wide web and on web I found this site as a most excellent website
    for newest updates.

    Here is my page; Tasha

  • Yes! Finally something about 8000 btu Arctic Air Pure Chill Review conditioner.

  • Sweet site, super design and style, real clean and utilise friendly.

    My web-site http://www.qijiang520.com

  • I think the admin of this web page is truly working hard in support
    of his site, for the reason that here every material is quality based material.

    my blog – Gentille Revitalizing Moisturizer

  • I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering
    what all is required to get setup? I’m assuming having
    a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?

    I’m not very internet smart so I’m not 100% positive.

    Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Thank you

    Here is my webpage Keto Lite Pills

  • I don’t even understand how I ended up here, but I assumed this submit
    was once great. I don’t recognise who you’re but definitely you’re going to a well-known blogger if you happen to aren’t already.
    Cheers!

    Also visit my webpage; MaxExtend

  • Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find
    It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

  • whoah this weblog is excellent i really like reading
    your posts. Keep up the great work! You know, many people are looking around for this information, you can help them greatly.

  • Very good information. Lucky me I ran across your website by accident (stumbleupon).

    I’ve saved it for later!

    My web page; TactLine M1000 Watch Manual

  • Thanks for all your efforts that you have put in this. Very interesting information.

    Have a look at my homepage – Tru Vita CBD Review

  • Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up fast! What web
    host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  • Overseas Drug

  • I will immediately clutch your rss feed as I can’t to find your email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Please let me know in order that I may subscribe.
    Thanks.

  • Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you been blogging
    for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is wonderful, let alone the content!

  • testimony of those taking cialis

  • Hurrah! At last I got a web site from where I can genuinely obtain valuable information concerning
    my study and knowledge.

  • I just could not depart your web site prior to
    suggesting that I extremely loved the usual information an individual supply on your visitors?
    Is gonna be again frequently to inspect new posts

  • Keep on working, great job!

  • Hi to every one, the contents present at this web site are in fact
    amazing for people knowledge, well, keep up the nice work fellows.

  • Buy Kamagra Jelly Online

  • Hello, I enjoy reading all of your post. I wanted to write a little
    comment to support you.

  • I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice,
    keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come
    back later on. Cheers

  • How do I change firefox from remembering my facebook info?

  • https://buystromectolon.com/ – stromectol otc

  • I’m really impressed with your writing skills and also
    with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one
    these days. quest bars http://j.mp/3jZgEA2 quest
    bars

  • Comprar Viagra Generica Farmacia

  • I am actually grateful to the owner of this web page who has shared this enormous piece
    of writing at at this place. asmr https://app.gumroad.com/asmr2021/p/best-asmr-online asmr

  • An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a friend who was conducting a little research on this.
    And he actually ordered me dinner simply because I discovered it
    for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the
    meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this matter here on your web page.
    cheap flights http://1704milesapart.tumblr.com/ cheap flights

  • obviously like your web site however you have to check
    the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling problems
    and I in finding it very bothersome to tell the reality then again I will definitely come back again. quest bars https://www.iherb.com/search?kw=quest%20bars quest bars

  • Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon every day.
    It’s always useful to read through articles from other authors
    and use something from their sites. scoliosis surgery https://coub.com/stories/962966-scoliosis-surgery scoliosis surgery

  • shop levitra

  • Acquistare Levitra Generico Italia

  • mail order isotretinoin Aurora

  • http://buylasixshop.com/ – furosemide 40 mg buy online

  • viagra similares efectos

Deixe um comentário.

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado.