Na coluna de Rodolfo Abreu: Sítio Burle Marx entra para a Lista de Patrimônio Mundial da UNESCO

Uma ótima noticia para a cultura do Brasil. No dia 27 de julho de 2021, o sítio Burle Marx foi reconhecido como Patrimônio Mundial da Humanidade pela UNESCO – na categoria Paisagem Cultural.

O terreno de 400 mil metros quadrados em Guaratiba, no Rio de Janeiro, guarda, além dos belos jardins, a casa, o ateliê e o laboratório de espécies de Roberto Burle Marx, que comprou o sítio em 1949. Cultivou a terra com mais de 3.500 espécies tropicais e subtropicais encontradas em suas viagens pelo Brasil, incluindo a Amazônia. Artista plástico e paisagista, Burle Marx projetou jardins como obras de arte.

Quando começou a criar sua coleção de plantas, há 70 anos, as espécies tropicais não eram utilizadas no paisagismo e na jardinagem, seu interesse comercial era inexistente. A referência da época eram os jardins europeus com as espécies botânicas daquele continente, com gramados, rosas e outras plantas mais delicadas.

Com seu trabalho de pesquisa botânica e paisagismo da vegetação tropical, Burle Marx valorizou as espécies abundantes dos biomas presentes no Brasil. Montou jardins belíssimos combinando plantas exóticas, formando cenários deslumbrantes.

O grande talento dos projetos de Burle Marx foi combinar harmoniosamente a exuberância exótica das plantas tropicais, que são mais robustas e de todos os formatos e cores – se comparadas com as espécies utilizadas no padrão europeu. A partir de seu trabalho que se percebeu o potencial estético e comercial para utilização da flora tropical e subtropical na formação de jardins e parques.

O paisagista causou impaco no paisagismo mundial. Seus trabalhos estão além das fronteiras do sítio de Guaratiba. Podem ser vistos no Parque do Flamengo, no Rio de Janeiro, no Parque da Pampulha, em Belo Horizonte, e em diversos lugares. Assinou mais de 2 mil projetos paisagísticos pelo mundo.

“Deus, para mim, é a natureza.”
Roberto Burle Marx. Reconhecido internacionalmente como um dos mais relevantes paisagistas do século XX, viveu no sítio entre 1973 e 1994.


Sítio aberto a visitação

Recebendo cerca de 30 mil visitantes por ano, além dos jardins, viveiros e seis lagos, a propriedade Burle Marx também possui acervo museológico de mais de três mil peças, formado por coleções de arte popular brasileira, cusquenha, pré-colombiana e sacra.

Estrada Roberto Burle Marx, nº 2019
Barra de Guaratiba (Zona Oeste)
Telefone:
(21) 2410-1412
Visitas somente com agendamento por e-mail: 
visitas.srbm@iphan.gov.br

No período da pandemia, as visitas acontecem em pequenos grupos, de 3ª feira a sábado. Obrigatório o uso de máscaras, higienização das mãos, álcool em gel e distanciamento.

Ingresso: R$ 10 por pessoa (meia-entrada para adultos a partir de 60 e estudantes).

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