André Conrado - As Minas Gerais - Seguindo a Trilha do Ouro - Final

Litografia - Mariana - 1846 - Arquivo Público Mineiro

Mariana

Convidamos os leitores a desembarcar em uma cidade muito importante desta expedição. 

Primeira capital, primeira vila, sede do primeiro bispado e primeira cidade a ser projetada em Minas Gerais. A história de Mariana, que tem como cenário um período de descobertas, religiosidade, projeção artística e busca pelo ouro, é marcada também pelo pioneirismo de uma região que há mais de três séculos guarda riquezas que nos remetem ao tempo do Brasil Colônia. 

Em 16 de julho de 1696, bandeirantes paulistas liderados por Salvador Fernandes Furtado de Mendonça encontraram ouro em um rio batizado de Ribeirão Nossa Senhora do Carmo. Às suas margens nasceu o arraial de Nossa Senhora do Carmo, que logo assumiria uma função estratégica no jogo de poder determinado pelo ouro. O local se transformou em um dos principais fornecedores deste minério para Portugal e, pouco tempo depois, tornou-se a primeira vila criada na então Capitania de São Paulo e Minas de Ouro. Lá foi estabelecida também a primeira capital

Imagem da Vila de Nossa Senhora do Carmo (Mariana) século XVII - Mapas Históricos Brasileiros - Arquivo Público Mineiro

Em 1711 o arraial de Nossa Senhora do Carmo foi elevado à Vila de Nossa Senhora do Ribeirão do Carmo. Em 1745 o Rei de Portugal, Dom João V, elevou a vila a categoria de cidade, nomeada como Mariana, uma homenagem à rainha Maria Ana D’Áustria, sua esposa. Transformando-se no centro religioso do Estado, nesta mesma época a cidade passou a ser sede do primeiro bispado mineiro. Para isso, foi enviado, do Maranhão, o bispo D. Frei Manoel da Cruz. Sua trajetória realizada por terra durou um ano e dois meses e foi considerada um feito bastante representativo no Brasil Colônia. Um projeto urbanístico se fez necessário, sendo elaborado pelo engenheiro português militar José Fernandes Pinto de Alpoim. Ruas em linha reta e praças retangulares são características da primeira cidade planejada de Minas e uma das primeiras do Brasil.

Foto histórica do Ouro Brasil Colônia - Arquivo Público Mineiro

Além de guardar relíquias e casarios coloniais que contam parte da história do país, em Mariana nasceram personagens representativos da cultura brasileira. Entre eles estão o poeta e inconfidente Cláudio Manuel da Costa, o pintor sacro Manuel da Costa Ataíde e Frei Santa Rita Durão, autor do poema “Caramuru”. 

Pioneira em comunicação, nas suas terras foi instalada a primeira agência dos Correios no Estado, em 1730. Na época conhecida como “Correio Ambulante”, ela estabelecia a comunicação entre Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo e a capital mineira.

Foto de Mariana - Rua do Seminario - Final séc XIX - Arquivo Público Mineiro

Em 1945, Mariana recebe do presidente Getúlio Vargas o título de Monumento Nacional por seu “significativo patrimônio histórico, religioso e cultural” e ativa participação na vida cívica e política do país, contribuindo na Independência, no Império e na República, para a formação da nacionalidade brasileira

Foto de Mariana - Cidade Monumento - Anos 40 - Arquivo Nacional

Todo ano, em 16 de julho, Dia de Minas, o Governo do Estado de Minas Gerais instala-se na cidade, realizando cerimônia alusiva na Praça Minas Gerais que, pela harmonia e beleza plástica de seus monumentos, é um expressivo conjunto urbano da Minas colonial. 

Foto da Celebração do Dia de Minas

A extração do minério de ferro é a principal atividade industrial do município, forte geradora de empregos e receita pública. Seus distritos desenvolvem atividades agropecuárias e apresentam artesanato variado, expressando a diversidade cultural de Minas Gerais. 

Tudo isso faz da “primeira de Minas” um dos municípios mais importantes do Circuito do Ouro e parte integrante da Trilha dos Inconfidentes e do Circuito Estrada Real. Uma cidade tombada em 1945 como Monumento Nacional e repleta de riquezas do período em que começou a ser traçada a história das Minas Gerais.

Foto comemorativa 325 anos de Mariana - Divulgação - @aclubtour

Rompimento da barragem

Em 2015, uma triste tragédia se abateu em Bento Rodrigues, um subdistrito de Santa Rita Durão, que é um dos distritos de Mariana; foi destruído após o rompimento de uma barragem administrada pela empresa Samarco. A onda de detritos de mineração atingiu 18,20 m de altura, tirando a vida de dezenas de pessoas e contaminando o rio Doce

Turismo

A cidade possui um enorme patrimônio arquitetônico do barroco produzido durante o Brasil Colonial. Além disso, o turismo ecológico teve também uma expansão importante, contribuindo de forma significativa para o desenvolvimento do setor de serviços e transformando Mariana em uma das cidades mineiras com o maior número de praticantes dos chamados esportes radicais, como montanhismo e mountain bike.

Mariana recebe boa parte do fluxo de turistas de Ouro Preto, devido à pequena distância de 12 km. Essa integração se ampliou com a criação do Trem da Vale, fruto da parceria entre a Vale do Rio Doce e as Prefeituras Municipais de Mariana e Ouro Preto.  Após décadas parado, o trem turístico voltou a funcionar em abril de 2006, com viagens diárias. A duração é de uma hora, e a viagem é puro charme e beleza. A Estação Ferroviária de Mariana foi totalmente revitalizada e é um ponto turístico da cidade.

Conheça também alguns dos principais distritos e pontos turísticos de Mariana: Bandeirante (Ribeirão do Carmo): está a 14 km do centro de Mariana. O distrito possui alguns prédios de valor histórico e arquitetônico, como a paróquia de São Sebastião cuja sua construção se deu na primeira metade do século XVIII. Cachoeira do Brumado: o distrito está a 27 km do centro de Mariana. O seu destaque além da culinária é o artesanato.  O distrito de Camargo possui a igreja Matriz de Nossa Senhora da Conceição. Junto à Igreja, há também o Cruzeiro em pedra sabão no adro da Matriz (único em Minas Gerais), e está a 14 km do centro de Mariana.

Nada melhor que encerrar com “chave de ouro” esta bela série de matérias, deixando um convite à rica história brasileira.

Foto Cidade de Mariana - Atual - Divulgação - @aclubtour

Fontes:

@aclubtour

Arquivo Nacional

Arquivo Público Mineiro

Instituto Moreira Salles

IPHAN 

Compartilhe nas redes sociais
Publicação Anterior

Nelma Canellas apresenta: As Regiões Vinícolas do Brasil Parte 1

Próxima Publicação

Daniel Braga: A Cultura Afro-brasileira em Festa na V Corte dos Orixás neste Sábado

80 Comentários

  • Mariana, cidade minha xará. Tão linda e rica da nossa história! Excelente matéria! Parabéns!

  • ANDRÉ!!! Ficou muito bonita a reportagem!!!!!! PARABÉNS!!!!

  • Gostei demais da história de Mariana. Parabéns !!!!

  • I really like looking through a post that will make people think. Also, thank you for allowing for me to comment!

  • Very nice article. I absolutely love this site. Thanks!

  • Pretty! This has been a really wonderful post. Many thanks for supplying this info.

  • This blog was… how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I’ve found something which helped me. Appreciate it!

  • Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thank you, However I am having difficulties with your RSS. I donít know why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anyone else getting identical RSS problems? Anyone who knows the solution will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  • Everything is very open with a precise clarification of the challenges. It was truly informative. Your site is useful. Thank you for sharing!

  • Finding companies is so easy when you just go to a simple website like this check this out https://www.apsense.com/brand/Amazon

  • Great post! We will be linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the good writing.

  • After I originally commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I recieve four emails with the exact same comment. There has to be a way you are able to remove me from that service? Thank you!

  • An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a colleague who has been conducting a little homework on this. And he in fact ordered me dinner simply because I stumbled upon it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending the time to talk about this subject here on your web site.

  • Finding companies is so easy when you just go to a simple website like this check this out https://www.apsense.com/brand/Amazon

  • After looking into a handful of the blog articles on your web page, I seriously like your technique of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and will be checking back soon. Take a look at my website too and let me know what you think.

  • Hi, I do believe this is an excellent site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to revisit yet again since I book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  • Everything is very open with a really clear description of the challenges. It was really informative. Your website is very helpful. Thanks for sharing!

  • Greetings from Florida! I’m bored at work so I decided
    to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy
    the information you present here and can’t wait to take
    a look when I get home. I’m amazed at how fast your blog loaded on my phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, awesome blog!

  • Hello, Neat post. Τhere’s a problem toogether with your website іn web explorer, migһt
    test this? ІE nonetһeless iѕ thhe market
    leader ɑnd а largе ⲣart оf people will mіss your wonderful writing
    becausе of thos ρroblem.

    Нere is my һomepage: posutochno-kiev.blogspot.com

  • https://buystromectolon.com/ – buy ivermectin pills online

  • Nice blog here! Also your web site loads up very fast!

    What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  • http://buysildenshop.com/ – buying viagra in ireland

  • Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found
    that it’s truly informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels.
    I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Lots of people
    will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  • Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog so i came to “return the
    favor”.I’m trying to find things to improve my web site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  • I like what you guys are up too. This kind of clever work and coverage!
    Keep up the superb works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to
    my own blogroll.

  • Hi there, yeah this post is actually good and I have learned lot of things from it concerning
    blogging. thanks.

  • hey there and thank you for your info – I’ve definitely picked up
    something new from right here. I did however expertise several technical points using this site, as I
    experienced to reload the site a lot of times previous to
    I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will
    often affect your placement in google and can damage your high quality
    score if advertising and marketing with Adwords.

    Anyway I am adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective intriguing content.
    Ensure that you update this again very soon.

  • I just couldn’t depart your web site prior to suggesting that I really loved the standard information a person provide in your guests? Is going to be back incessantly to check out new posts.

  • World Select Pharmacy

  • Thanks for another informative web site. Where else could I am getting that kind of information written in such an ideal method?

    I have a undertaking that I am just now operating on, and I’ve been on the
    look out for such information.

    Here is my web-site: http://www.meteoritegarden.com

  • of course like your web-site however you need to check the spelling on several of your posts.

    Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I to find it very bothersome to inform the
    truth then again I will definitely come back again.

  • Fantastic site you have here but I was curious if
    you knew of any community forums that cover the same topics talked about here?
    I’d really like to be a part of online community where
    I can get suggestions from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same
    interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know.
    Thank you!

  • It’s perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s
    time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire
    to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions.

    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.

    I wish to read even more things about it!

  • I could not resist commenting. Exceptionally well written!

  • Hi there, You have done a fantastic job. I’ll certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends.
    I am sure they will be benefited from this web site.

  • Hello friends, nice piece of writing and
    fastidious urging commented here, I am genuinely enjoying by these.

  • This site certainly has all the info I needed about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  • Greetings! Very useful advice within this post!
    It is the little changes which will make the largest changes.
    Thanks for sharing!

  • My relatives every time say that I am wasting my time here at web, but
    I know I am getting knowledge everyday by reading thes fastidious posts.

  • https://buypropeciaon.com/ – propecia results

  • ПРотезирование зубов
    удаление нерва зуба
    Лазерная хирургия
    имплант нобель
    Импланты Astra Tech

    чистка зубов в стоматологии

  • Wow, this article is good, my younger sister is analyzing these kinds of things, so I am
    going to tell her.

  • Cialis 2.5mg

  • This is really fascinating, You are an overly professional blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and sit up for in quest of extra of your fantastic post.
    Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks

  • Гаджет для крепкого сна

    Каждый человек замечал за собой, что тяжело сразу же заснуть после напряженного рабочего дня. Приходится долго лежать и смотреть в потолок, так как человеческий мозг не может быстро”разгрузиться”. Гаджет для засыпания под названием Tranquil Moments Advanced Sleep Sounds поможет Вам в решении этой проблемы. Благодаря подобранным сочетаниям громкости и скорости мелодий, осуществляется успокаивающий эффект на альфа-, дельта- и тета-волны мозга, что приводит к глубокому и спокойному сну. Можно использовать гаджет в качестве терапевтического успокаивающего средства. Стоимость устройства составляет 170 долларов. Можно сказать, что это что-то среднее между магнитофоном и радио, по форме и внешнему виду устройство напоминает настольные часы. Устройство имеет простой и понятный интерфейс, небольшой корпус, который сочетает в себе функции часов-будильника. Возможно, что в скором времени это устройство будут рекомендовать терапевты своим пациентам, ведь это устройство, как показали исследования, достойная замена снотворным и седативным препаратам. А если у вас есть автомобиль, чтобы не мучила бессонница от волнения, мы рекомендуем купить шины Континенталь. Тогда уж точно вы будете видеть красивые и сладкие сны.

    Читайте другие новости на портале https://rufinder.ru/

  • Its not my first time to go to see this site, i
    am browsing this website dailly and get fastidious data from here every day.

  • Wow, this article is pleasant, my sister is analyzing these kinds
    of things, so I am going to tell her.

  • I know this web site gives quality based content and extra material, is there any other site which offers these stuff in quality?

  • Hi there, for all time i used to check web site posts here
    early in the dawn, because i like to gain knowledge of more and more.

  • Good info. Lucky me I came across your website by accident (stumbleupon).
    I’ve saved it for later!

  • Great post. I was checking continuously this blog
    and I am impressed! Extremely helpful info specially the
    last phase 🙂 I take care of such info a lot. I was seeking
    this particular info for a very long time. Thanks and best of luck.

  • New hot project galleries, daily updates
    http://dancingnudeporn.xblognetwork.com/?elise

    teen gangbang free porn free porn no subscription required porn largest dicks free porn o pic old duck nylon porn

  • Hi, the whole tһing is going pеrfectly here and ofcourse every one
    is sharing facts, thаt’s genuinely excellent, keeρ up writing.

    Feel free too surf to mу webpage … comics

  • I really like what you guys are up too. This kind of clever work and exposure!
    Keep up the great works guys I’ve added you guys to my blogroll.

  • I have read a few good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for revisiting.
    I surprise how so much attempt you place to create such a excellent
    informative site.

  • I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your weblog.
    Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility
    problems? A handful of my blog audience have complained about
    my blog not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
    Do you have any tips to help fix this problem?

  • Appreciate this post. Will try it out.

  • It’s going to be ending of mine day, however before end I am reading this enormous article to improve my experience.

  • obviously like your web site but you have to test the spelling on several of your posts.
    A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very troublesome to inform the truth on the other
    hand I will surely come back again.

  • Hello, i think that i saw you visited my weblog thus i
    came to “return the favor”.I am attempting to find things to enhance my site!I suppose
    its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  • Order Stendra 100mg Erectile Dysfunction Best Website Pharmacy

  • Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.

    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very difficult to get that “perfect balance” between usability and visual appearance.

    I must say you have done a amazing job with this. Also, the blog loads very quick for me on Opera.
    Superb Blog!

  • Hello there, I do believe your site could possibly be having
    web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in IE, it has
    some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!

    Other than that, great blog!

  • Levaquin Where To Order On Line Overseas

  • Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your publish is simply spectacular and that i can assume you’re knowledgeable on this subject. Well along with your permission let me to grasp your RSS feed to keep up to date with drawing close post. Thanks a million and please keep up the gratifying work.

  • Attractive component of content. I simply stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to claim that I get actually
    loved account your weblog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing for your augment and even I achievement you get admission to constantly quickly.

  • Hi to every body, it’s my first go to see of this website; this weblog includes awesome and genuinely good
    data in support of readers.

  • Hey! Would you mind if I share your blog with my twitter group?
    There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your
    content. Please let me know. Thanks quest bars http://tinyurl.com/49u8p8w7 quest
    bars

  • It is not my first time to pay a visit this web page,
    i am visiting this web page dailly and take fastidious data from
    here every day. asmr https://app.gumroad.com/asmr2021/p/best-asmr-online asmr

  • Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the pictures
    on this blog loading? I’m trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if
    it’s the blog. Any responses would be greatly appreciated.
    quest bars https://www.iherb.com/search?kw=quest%20bars quest bars

  • This is my first time pay a visit at here and i am really
    pleassant to read all at alone place. scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  • Very nice article. I definitely appreciate this site.

    Thanks! cheap flights http://1704milesapart.tumblr.com/ cheap flights

  • Hi to every body, it’s my first pay a quick visit of this web site;
    this blog includes remarkable and actually excellent data in support of readers.
    scoliosis surgery https://coub.com/stories/962966-scoliosis-surgery scoliosis surgery

Deixe um comentário.

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado.