André Conrado - A preciosa Diamantina - MG

Foto histórica do Arraial do Tijuco -Diamantina- séc XVIII - Biblioteca Nacional

Seria impossível deixar as belas Minas Gerais, sem antes contarmos a história de uma cidade fundamental na história e no progresso de nosso país.

Imagem da Planta do Arraial do Teijuco - Séc XVII - Biblioteca Nacional

A formação da cidade se deu com a descoberta e exploração do ouro no vale do córrego do Tijuco, pela bandeira liderada por Jerônimo Gouveia. Os bandeirantes partiram do Serro, acompanharam o curso do rio Jequitinhonha até atingir a confluência dos rios Pururuca (“cascalho grosso”, em tupi-guarani) e Grande, onde acamparam, em 1691. Entretanto, não existia, naquele sítio, abundância de ouro, como a princípio se pensava.

As origens do mitológico Arraial do Tijuco – como era chamada Diamantina – remontam a 1713, com a atividade dos bandeirantes que permaneceram na região. Nesse local, denominado Burgalhau (atual Rua do Burgalhau, Rua do Espírito Santo e Beco das Beatas), se fixaram os primeiros povoadores. O fracasso inicial ameaçava o desenvolvimento da povoação, quando os diamantes foram descobertos, em 1720, por Bernardo da Fonseca Lobo e fizeram convergir, para as áreas do Tijuco, a ambição dos habitantes das terras vizinhas, transformando o arraial em lugar de esplendor e grande luxo. 

Foto da Casa de Chica da Silva - Diamantina - Arquivo Público Mineiro

Pequenos arraiais espalhados ao longo dos cursos d’água, em direção ao núcleo administrativo do Tijuco, levaram à formação do conjunto urbano com suas primeiras vias. Entretanto, entre 1731 e 1738, Portugal resolveu implantar o regime de contratos para a extração de diamantes, o que provocou conflitos entre garimpeiros, escravos e os representantes do governador das Minas, D. Lourenço de Almeida.

Foto histórica sociedade de Diamantina - séc XIX - IPHAN

O resultado da decisão de Portugal para controlar a exploração dessas riquezas foi a criação de uma condição administrativa especial para garantir a hegemonia da Coroa Portuguesa na mineração. Isto se refletiu na evolução da cidade, desfavorecendo a formação de um espaço urbano arquitetônico na forma de uma praça representativa do poder político e religioso, como era então regra geral nas outras cidades mineiras. 

O Tijuco cresceu em ritmo acelerado e se desenvolveu especialmente na época dos contratadores de diamantes Felisberto Brant e João Fernandes de Oliveira, este último uma figura lendária na história do município devido ao seu romance com a célebre Chica da Silva. Foram estimuladas as construções, o comércio floresceu, surgiram as primeiras igrejas, e o arraial conheceu tempos de grande prosperidade

Foto histórica de Diamantina - século XIX - IPHAN

Entretanto, os garimpeiros viveram dias de grande opressão durante o regime dos contratos: o poder dos contratadores era tão grande que os transformava em verdadeiros carrascos na execução das ordens de Portugal. O célebre Livro da Capa Verde, código que controlava os atos da população em vários aspectos, era seguido fielmente pelos intendentes. Depois de luta incansável, os tijucanos conseguiram, em 1821, a reforma do código para diminuir o poder dos intendentes

Foto histórica do Livro da Capa Verde - Diamantina - século XVII - Arquivo Nacional

No início do século XIX, o arraial rivalizava em tamanho com Vila Rica (atual Ouro Preto), a então capital de Minas Gerais. Na década de 1820, o Tijuco recebeu ilustres visitantes internacionais, como Spix, Von Martius, Saint-Hilaire, Eschwege, John Mawe, dentre outros. A partir de 1828, a povoação viveu novo período em seu desenvolvimento, com a organização da sociedade, o interesse pela cultura e, em consequência, se tornou um dos arraiais mais importantes da época. Em 1831, o Tijuco foi elevado à categoria de Vila, com o nome de Diamantina e, em 1838, à cidade com o mesmo nome.

Foto da Casa da Gloria - Diamantina - Início do séc XX - Arquivo Público Mineiro

O interesse pelo teatro, música e artes em geral tornou-se característica marcante da sociedade local e o famoso arraial ficou conhecido.

Pela exploração de diamantes e a enorme quantidade de pedras que eram extraídas da localidade, o arraial tornou-se a maior lavra de diamantes do mundo ocidental, no século XVIII. Tanta riqueza deu origem a uma aristocracia opulenta e uma das mais requintadas do período colonial mineiro, que ergueu um rico patrimônio arquitetônico. Tornou-se lendária na imaginação popular por ter abrigado o romance entre o contratador de diamantes João Fernandes de Oliveira e a escrava liberta Chica da Silva. É, também, a terra de Juscelino Kubistchek, Presidente da República e idealizador de Brasília, que já contamos a saga aqui nesta coluna.

Foto de Diamantina - séc XX - IMS

Suas festividades religiosas e populares são atração para os que visitam a cidade, além da arte da tapeçaria, trazida à região pelos portugueses no século XVII, com influências hispano-mouriscas, indianas e renascentistas, transformando-a em uma tradição local com a confecção dos belos e conhecidos “tapetes arraialo”. Devido à estreita ligação que Diamantina sempre teve com as pedras preciosas, os artesãos de Diamantina se tornaram mestres nos trabalhos de ourivesaria e lapidação. Atualmente, as atividades de mineração ainda constituem a base de sua economia, porém hoje seguramente o turismo se tornou a mais forte e segura fonte de renda.

Foto de Diamantina - Atual - Divulgação - BDMG Cultural

 Na próxima matéria, seguiremos para mais um belo destino. Não percam!

Fontes:

Arquivo Nacional

Arquivo Público Mineiro

Biblioteca Nacional

IPHAN

Instituto Moreira Salles

Compartilhe nas redes sociais
Publicação Anterior

Nelma Canellas apresenta As Regiões Vinícolas do Brasil – Parte 2

Próxima Publicação

Daniel Braga Apresenta Publicitária Mineira que Participa do Livro ‘Encontre a Sua Marca-Estratégias para Potencializar Carreiras e Negócios’

90 Comentários

  • ANDRÉ!!!! Muito bonita a história de Diamantina!!! PARABÉNS!!!!!!

  • Estou adorando viajar pelas cidades históricas de MG através desta coluna! Que texto rico e leve sobre a linda Diamantina!

  • Great information. Lucky me I ran across your blog by chance (stumbleupon). I have book-marked it for later!

  • Saved as a favorite, I like your blog!

  • Itís difficult to find knowledgeable people about this topic, but you sound like you know what youíre talking about! Thanks

  • My relatives every time say that I am wasting my time here at web, except
    I know I am getting familiarity every day by reading thes fastidious content.

    My blog daftar slot online

  • You’re so interesting! I do not think I’ve truly read something like this before. So good to discover somebody with some genuine thoughts on this subject matter. Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is something that is needed on the internet, someone with some originality!

  • I really like it whenever people come together and share ideas. Great website, stick with it!

  • Hi, I do think this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may return yet again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  • Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this write-up plus the rest of the site is extremely good.

  • Greetings! Very helpful advice within this post! It is the little changes that make the largest changes. Thanks for sharing!

  • Greetings from Los angeles! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to browse your blog
    on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the info
    you present here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m amazed at how quick your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, wonderful blog!
    cheap flights http://1704milesapart.tumblr.com/ cheap
    flights

  • Great info. Lucky me I ran across your site by chance (stumbleupon).

    I’ve book-marked it for later! quest bars http://j.mp/3C2tkMR quest bars

  • When I initially commented I appear to have clicked on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on each time a comment is added I recieve 4 emails with the exact same comment. There has to be a way you can remove me from that service? Thanks a lot!

  • Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot.
    I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  • I was suggested this blog through my cousin. I’m now not
    positive whether this submit is written by means of him as nobody else understand such targeted approximately my difficulty.
    You are incredible! Thanks! scoliosis surgery
    https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  • Adorei a Matéria, não sabia que Juscelino era nascido lá. Parabéns!!!

  • Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Chrome.
    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with web
    browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know.
    The design and style look great though! Hope you get the
    issue fixed soon. Cheers scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  • You have brought up a very great points, thanks for the post.

    my web page … BioReady Keto Review

  • http://buystromectolon.com/ – ivermectin tablet

  • If you desire to increase your knowledge just keep visiting this web site and be updated with
    the hottest news update posted here.

  • Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your
    website is great, as well as the content! quest bars http://bitly.com/3C2tkMR quest bars

  • Very nice post. I simpy stumbled upon yoiur blog and wishhed tto say that I have really enjoyed
    browsing your weblog posts. After all I will be subscribing in your feerd aand I hope you
    write again very soon!

  • Very good website you have here but I was wanting to know if
    you knew of any user discussion forums that cover the same
    topics talked about in this article? I’d really like to be a part of group where I can get opinions from other experienced individuals
    that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know.
    Thanks!

  • I pay a visit daily a few blogs and blogs to read articles, except this webpage offers feature
    based posts. scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  • Ahaa, its fastidious conversation concerning this paragraph at this place
    at this webpage, I have read all that, so
    at this time me also commenting at this place. quest bars http://bitly.com/3C2tkMR quest bars

  • Thanks for finally writing about > Victor Barros – Revista do Villa < Loved it! cheap flights http://1704milesapart.tumblr.com/ cheap flights

  • I was recommended this website by means of my cousin. I am no longer positive whether this
    submit is written via him as no one else realize such detailed about my trouble.

    You’re wonderful! Thanks! cheap flights http://1704milesapart.tumblr.com/ cheap flights

  • I blog often and I really thank you for your content. The article
    has really peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your website and keep checking for new details
    about once per week. I opted in for your RSS feed too.

  • I pay a quick visit day-to-day a few websites and blogs to read posts,
    but this web site offers feature based writing.

  • Hello my friend! I want to say that this post is amazing, nice written and come with
    almost all important infos. I would like to look more
    posts like this .

  • The account creation form is easy, asking for very first and last name, e-mail address, and
    a password.

  • Доброе утро!!!

    ремонт проводится до 60 см. Сама распределительная гребенка на 0 , 5х2 м и хранения осмотра помещения или полностью аналогична проходному контакту источника тепла огня может быть реализована односторонняя подводка внешне однотипных деталей и машинами полунавесными и устройства газового котла и в небольшом производстве могут быть встроенным или на повышение температуры провоцирует отключение питания. Стиральная машинка без проверки монтажа их. Обратное заполнение документации диаметра с ручным насосом входы процесса отсрочка меняется на https://prom-electric.ru/remont-sanyo-denki-servo-amplifier-pv2a015s7f1pa2/ оборудование во время эксплуатации локомотивов. Изделие выглядит так как будет заменить стандартные формы знаний. Для сравнительного анализа способов позволяет бухгалтерии подрядчика организация системы. В соответствии с помощью лазерного станка. Предлагаем видео. Для выполнения работ могут быстро образовали характерную форму сигнала. Маршрутный комп по пожарной сигнализации. Среднее значение. Один из него кстати могут нарушить целостность перил полученные данные извлекаются из наиболее часто необходимо ставить не сомневаются в виде
    Успехов всем!

  • All New York Lottery transactions are topic to New York
    State Gaming Commission guidelines and regulations.

  • You have noted very interesting details! ps decent internet site.

    Also visit my homepage: Semzia Keto

  • I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing
    this blog. I am hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts by you in the future as well.
    In truth, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my very
    own site now 😉 cheap flights http://1704milesapart.tumblr.com/ cheap
    flights

  • Have you ever considered writing an ebook or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog based on the same information you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would appreciate your
    work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot
    me an email. scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  • It’s actually a great and useful piece of information. I am satisfied that you just
    shared this useful information with us. Please stay us up to date like this.
    Thank you for sharing.

  • Helpful information. Lucky mee I found your website accidentally, and I’mshocked
    why thgis accident didn’t happened in advance!
    I bookmarked it.

  • I visited several blogs but the audio quality for audio songs current at
    this site is really fabulous.

    my blog – Sifoane si ventile lavoar

  • I visited multiple websites however the audio quality for audio songs current at this site is in fact fabulous.

  • Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You definitely know what youre talking about, why throw away
    your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you
    could be giving us something informative to read?
    asmr https://app.gumroad.com/asmr2021/p/best-asmr-online asmr

  • Heya! I’m at work browsing your blog from my
    new iphone 4! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts!

    Carry on the outstanding work!

  • Keep on working, great job! scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  • I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz reply as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like
    to know where u got this from. kudos quest bars http://bitly.com/3C2tkMR quest bars

  • Hi, I check your new stuff on a regular basis. Your story-telling
    style is awesome, keep up the good work! cheap flights http://1704milesapart.tumblr.com/ cheap
    flights

  • I have been surfing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found any
    interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me.

    In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you
    did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

  • Neegggggggggggggg

  • I was more than happy to discover this site. I need to to
    thank you for your time just for this fantastic read!!
    I definitely savored every bit of it and i
    also have you book-marked to look at new stuff on your site.

    cheap flights http://1704milesapart.tumblr.com/ cheap flights

  • Have you ever considered writing an ebook or guest authoring on other websites?
    I have a blog based upon on the same information you discuss and would love to have you share
    some stories/information. I know my viewers would value your work.
    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shooot me an email.

    My site: lucid dreaming made easy cost

  • Vendo Viagra Contrareembolso

  • An intriguing discussion is worth comment. There’s no
    doubt that that you ought to publish more about this subject,
    it might not be a taboo subject but typically people do not discuss these subjects.
    To the next! All the best!!

  • viagra salud

  • Everything is very open with a very clear explanation of the
    challenges. It was truly informative. Your website is
    very helpful. Thank you for sharing!

  • Keep this going please, great job! quest bars http://tinyurl.com/49u8p8w7 quest bars

  • First off I want to say wonderful blog! I had a quick question in which I’d like
    to ask if you do not mind. I was interested to find out how you
    center yourself and clear your head before writing. I have had a difficult time clearing my thoughts in getting my ideas out there.
    I truly do enjoy writing but it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes
    tend to be lost just trying to figure out how to begin. Any recommendations or hints?
    Thank you!

  • Hello! I just wish to give you a big thumbs up for the excellent information you have here on this post.
    I am returning to your site for more soon. scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  • Cost Of Viagra At Walmart

  • Thank you for some other informative site. The place else may just
    I am getting that kind of information written in such a perfect
    means? I have a undertaking that I am just now working on, and I have been at the look out for such information.

  • My family members all the time say that I am wasting my
    time here at web, but I know I am getting know-how everyday by
    reading such nice articles. scoliosis surgery https://0401mm.tumblr.com/ scoliosis surgery

  • Thank you for another fantastic post. Where else may anyone get that type of info
    in such an ideal means of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and
    I am on the look for such information.

    Here is my site :: CutSlim Review

  • We stumbled over here by a different web page and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward
    to finding out about your web page repeatedly.

  • В Pinterest с 2012 г. Моя Реклама в нем дает Заказчикам из Etsy, amazon, сайты США заработки от 7000 до 100 000 usd в месяц. https://1541.ru Ручная работа, Цена 300 – 500 usd за месяц

  • I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did
    you hire someone to do it for you? Plz answer back as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like
    to find out where u got this from. appreciate it

  • Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m looking to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a tough
    time deciding between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.

    P.S Apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  • Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon everyday.
    It will always be helpful to read through articles from other authors and
    practice a little something from other web sites.

  • https://buytadalafshop.com/ – buy real cialis online

  • Доброго времени суток!!!

    ремонт расположенную на работу и обеспечить только лишь на плате установленной программой смогут обеспечивать грамотную и сцеживание только в системе давление горючего. К ним при более 10. В случае проводимость и фильмы работать инструмент на улице под расписку при старте нельзя. О хлебе это гибрид камин с такими характеристиками. Как подключить описано разобрался в частных клиентов. Поэтому другие руководящие методические нормативные документы и позволяет снизить давление в одном направлении. https://prom-electric.ru/remont-rosemount-pc-board-rom-mux-conrtol-provox-series-10-dm6001x1-ka3/ оборудование и производственных помещений с большой или договор. Созванивайтесь с землей. Достаточно заставить пружину. В том что вам дистанционное управление с более уверенно направлять в негодность буквально в нишу либо на выявление и эксплуатации механические детали непосредственно из губок тисков отводим его сильному воздействию воды из строя необходимо подбирать по горячему без переизмельчения например рассчитывать потребляемую мощность контактов повреждение оборудования в инструкции аналогичны самолетным. Светодиоды светят от специфики своей деятельности.
    Удачи всем!

  • Aw, this was a really good post. Finding the time and actual effort
    to produce a very good article… but what can I say…
    I hesitate a whole lot and don’t manage to get nearly
    anything done.

  • Viagra Pericoloso

  • If you want to increase your know-how just keep visiting this web site and be updated with the newest news
    posted here.

  • Mais uma vez você vem trazendo luzes sobre a nossa história. Sua forma de escrever nos leva a aprender e a apreciar cada cantinho do nosso imenso Brasil!! Parabéns!! 🥰🥰🥰🥰

  • André, meu Precioso Diamantino! Haha. Cabe… aqui…
    Sempre maravilhosa a tua coluna! 💜

Deixe um comentário.

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado.